April 27, 2019

Science of language

According to Wikipedia article, about 70 million people worldwide aren't  still doing right even science has grown to such an extent limitless for even cell phones to listen and produce human language. And the further questions come from this fact is certainly why a large amount of population is still suffering from stuttering among many other speech problems and, in addition, why stuttering problem is still found be on the hypothetical stages than their factual findings and rehabilitation.

I have only a little doubt yet that anatomy of articulators is in fact having to do anything with the deficiency for a cause. On the contrary, I would argue this is to be the simple manipulation of the active articulator (tongue) against passive articulator (mouth) to the constriction of the pulmonic air (the puff of air used in word production) for plosive. Apparently, which is having to do thus tongue being in almost all cases of people stuttering is plosive but without release, means stopping at some point. Accordingly, as you can see, what all needed is lowering the tongue for releasing the air voluntarily (the conscious effort to lowering the tongue and releasing the air) to a period of time until the tongue is to have somewhat settled for its natural position realized.

And, as the production of plosive consonants (P to G) and particularly the plosive consonants in velum (like G) is vulnerable, as you can see with the coloring of the science of language, this is in fact what needed to the rehabilitation, at least in most cases. Being yet a hypothesis only by looking at the landmark of speech production, I had only the liberty of asking someone likely could have known about this but I got was funny and funny like this, see:


Dear ........................

This time I am thinking of writing short post in LangLing about stuttering. I would appreciate any of your comment on this following takes:
  1. Most stuttering are causes of passive articulator in a wrong position.
  2. The exercise of lowering the tongue alone can solve more than 95% of the problem.
  3. Of those tongues that are firmly resistant for change, habitual voice accent change may cure the rest of the problem.
  4. The remaining cases might need surgery.
I haven’t read anything about this problem and rehabilitation as I wanted for some time now, but I have good hypotheses as to the cause and rehabilitation for why and how. And I have yet unknown any other issue with this.

Would you please also grant your permission here bellow as to if I may add your comment in my post about stuttering.

Yours truly,



I firmly believe   that  each of your propositions  is wrong and not supported by evidence. If you associate my name with any of the content of your email, I will pursue legal action.

Yours sincerely,

I think my inquiry was valuable inputs to a research fellow who writes and does speeches about speech problems all over America and apparently who does published a good book  with others. Still this should have been known, i would think, that this is yet not good enough for me to mention someone name or someone opinion unless something makes good sense to my review.  Then, why he was angry to a normal reply is still unknown to me. Indeed i have mentioned at one point some research hypotheses for the better rather than for being overburdened with reads and quotations to issues irrelevant. 

One of the most important aspect of the stuttering problem could be visualized however is when consonants come into contact with the roof of the mouth, and particularly with velum, that is, the back of the tongue being pulled back and with slightly up in the direction of the soft palate for potential struggling to the release needed with the word production air inhaled. And accordingly why it is not the same in other consonants, vowels, and like in  /x/ is one of the ground by which the stuttering problem can be theoretically presented and accordingly solved, I would argue.

(Further note) 

The 'release' concept is however, I see, not  so vibrant within speech therapy communities  since  the release itself  is understood as the distinctive phonetic property of a phoneme rather than a required  one, ie., that as if every plosive consonant is having the property of a 'full block' rather than a 'release block' as the required one in the production of a speech. The issue arises from this fact is  then how this could be explained if not at all this has to do with the concept of 'release' in such a way in the speech problem of stuttering has to do with it.

This factor must be then explained only in conjunction with a syllable, though a therapist can notice the speech problem,  and then ask the patient to take more time when a word is uttered, and then can also find higher rate of success with such a therapy. 

This is however  by and large a therapy found to be practiced with success whereas the 'slowing time' having the underling physiological and pulmonic egressive factors are fond of self-explanatory in their relaxed position. If this therapy doesn’t work for good , what else a therapist could do is the next to be considered in need, and particularly if the handbook couldn't  really help a stuttering problem for relief. We understand there is no bad reason to take for this issue to be unknown among teachers, educators, academics etc in conventions.  

Yet, a clinical psychologist,  therapist, a school teacher could try this: 'an explanation of the reason for difficult  syllable in word and how to overcome', for example, the letter <c> in the syllable of the word <cat>.

Since the word <cat> is pronounced with /k/ as /kæt/, or as/kət/ in some dialects in English, this plosive consonant /k/, as you can see in the map like any other plosive consonant blocking the tongue  in the mouth roof for a speech production,  could possibly also occur in iteration like Kk… for stuttering without being ready to catch the vowel <a>.  So what should we need?

  1. The tongue must be lowered
  2. The vowel must be caught

For example, in the word <cat>, a person needs extra effort in lowering the tongue for catching the  <a> as the <ca> for <cat>. That is, seeking <ca> faster rather than staying in <c> is that the training.      

Since the problem of stuttering in a word (or in syllables) is at the beginning where a vowel is preceded by a plosive or fricate or affricate consonant, like the <c> plosive consonant as in <cat> but stopping at <c> without the tongue being lowered for the vowel <a>, i would say this is what must be consciously practiced, instructed, and tested for rehabilitation.  

Those educators who do not have good understanding about syllabary and phonology from conventions, this is maybe a task for a bit self-try test to an own explanation. Certainly this is not for educators only but to anyone like in families, friends, or anyones  to pass on and see how success this approach is with the outcome. 

We cannot be much help to others for writing as it is the matter of time spent,  level, and quality in education but we can of course be easily to others to speak better.  To those in extreme articulatory deficit but without physiological deficiency, i would say  they  should try imitating a speech accent of someone else or should try changing the own speech style to a different accent purposely in order to solve their speech problem.      

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